pruning birch trees height
In this case, we will use this section to provide information on the pruning of a high-height birch tree. Be as conservative as possible. This is especially so since the introduction in 1979 and gradual recognition of the Heritage River birch cultivar (Betula nigra ‘Cully’), which culminated in it winning the 2002 Urban Tree of the Year award as determined by responses to an annual survey in arborist magazine City Trees. How to prune your silver birch tree. Birch tree pruning is recommended to preserve or improve tree structure, vigor and life-span. Eliminating these low branches will. Choose pruning shears for branches that are less than an inch wide and use a tree handsaw or a pruning pole saw for removing large branches. In this website we like to finish the articles with an explanatory video, this always helps to understand the concepts in a more graphic way. Do not attempt to control the height of a large tree by shearing the top. It is a plant native to Central and North Asia, widespread in Europe, as well as in the northern United States and Canada. Once you finish reading the article it will be necessary to analyze all the information and apply what you have learned in the best way. Cut to an outward facing bud to encourage open growth. So here we are, I hope that everything was clear about how and when to prune birch tree, and do not have any doubt at the moment that you should take your scissors and trim. As we said, the formation pruning the birch trees are necessary from the plantation, therefore we can conclude that the formation and planting prunings come hand in hand. It is important to decide upon the height of the trees, and then think about the pruning. in diameter as close as possible to the collar, or thickened area where the branch attaches to the trunk. In South America it is on a smaller scale. The bark flakes and peels as the silver birch tree grows. Pruning an established Silver Birch or any of the Betula group of trees is going to cause some damage, and should be carried out when the tree is dormant in winter, and only if absolutely necessary. An appreciation of the processes involved in the growth of tree will help us to understand the principles behind pruning. So let’s talk a little about the planting of these birches. The process of growing new branches and limbs takes energy away from a tree. Note: Please note that the advice given here is general, this blog is consulted from many countries in the world, with totally different characteristics, what not all tips will be adapted in the same way in all cases. With this pruning known as the rising crown, what we will do will be to eliminate all the annoying lower branches, this will not only benefit the best use of the shadow, but also redirect the energy towards the upper branches, producing an rising crown. The trees are slender and can grow as tall as 15 m (50 feet). Pruning at this time will promote the health of the tree. Therefore, There is no doubt that the shade that a birch plant can give is excellent, a shadow that you cannot take advantage of if its surroundings are full of low branches. The plant must be at a vegetative rest, without leaves. Try to keep the height of the trees to the limit where the branches can be easily reached and pruned. . You can improve their chances by pruning birch trees properly, and taking advantage of the best time to prune birch trees. To thin out branches that are rubbing or growing too close together. They bleed a heavy flow of sap if pruned when awakening from their winter rest, so the best time to prune birch trees is late summer or early autumn. As I always say, before you start trimming, take some time to analyze the plant carefully, then you should eliminate the following: • Cut any branch that is growing in a direction that does not go hand in hand with the development you want to give your birch. Larger branches are taken down with three cuts. Try to cut the weakest branches allowing stronger branches to sunbathe and develop even better. To remove diseased, decaying, injured or dead branches to promote the health of the tree. Take them down while they are small to prevent them from breaking off later on. Remove branches less than two inches (5 cm.) They have a growth rate of up to 1-2 feet per year. In trees where this is the case, gardeners should avoid pruning into this area because doing so will result in a lopsided tree. There are several tools available for pruning a birch tree, you will have to choose between one or the other depending on several factors, the most important is the age (height) of the birch. The silver birch tree is a popular garden and landscaping tree. The plants will not grow back to cover up the hole. Pruning to reduce tree height is possible, but it’s always going to be an uphill battle (literally). Try never to prune more than 20 percent of birch tree branches. 4.3 Crown reduction. When to Prune Trees. In birch tree there is five types of pruning that can be carried out. Look at a tree’s height at maturity and make sure you have space for it before planting. out from the undercut and cut the branch from the top downward. • Cutting completely dry branches, it will help the aesthetics of the plant. The crown of the tree has formed and only maintenance pruning is required. Something similar happens with diseased branches since you should not wait for an adequate time to cut them, but it is preferable to prune them just the detected ones to avoid a greater spread of the pest or disease. It is grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. Cut... Tidying Up – The 18- … Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring Details B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. Most trees of this age have had the feathers removed up to a height of 1.5m - 1.8m and are called standards. Going against the tree’s natural habit produces ungainly trees that lack grace. Regardless of which birch varidead is concerned there are some reasons why pruning is necessary. There will inevitably be a lot of haphazard regrowth around the top. Unfortunately, they aren’t known for their long lifespan. When choosing a tree surgeon, ensure they are able to present you with checkable references and certificates to back up the qualifications and knowledge they say they have. Never top a tree. It is not a very recommended pruning since it impacts negatively on the health of the plant. Although it is not a recommended pruning, in plants such as birch tree that can reach great heights may become necessary. Always start by removing damaged, dead, diseased shoots, followed by weak, lax or rubbing growth. At that age the seedling will be 70 to 100 cm high and a good radical system. Shorten the canopy branches and sideshoots a little to balance the shape. Although the central theme of this article is clear that how to prune a birch, we can not fail to notice that pruning is nothing other than a care or maintenance technique. Pruning – why, how and when How a tree works Before we discuss pruning, we need to consider what a tree is and how it works. Here’s the procedure: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. In this pruning, what is sought is to reduce the height of an adult birch, cutting … The first is that which needs to be carried out from the plantation and during the first years in search of a correct formation of the structure, the other pruning will be necessary during adulthood. Although this bleeding does little harm, it may still be a source of concern. Among the tools you can use are the following: Keep in mind that you must disinfect all the tools before pruning your birch. Birch trees should be trained to grow with a center leader and should be pruned to maintain optimal health and a strong structure; remove lower hanging branches that interfere with walkways or driveways. The best time to prune most trees is late autumn and winter. When a storm has spoiled the plant leaving a large number of upper branches with danger of falling. Plant a different tree instead. Prune A River Birch Tree. How to Make a Tree Stop Growing Upward. All trees react to pruning cuts, which cause regrowth to compensate for the loss of the branch or limb removed. This involves the removal of weak branches from a tree to ensure that the stronger braches get more... Crown Reduction Tree surgeons are qualified professionals who know how and when to prune silver birch trees and are trained in identifying and dealing with the common diseases and pests that affect them. When you prune at the proper time, you not only avoid sap flows, but you also avoid the egg laying season for most insects that infest pruning wounds. Basic Birch Facts. Do not begin trimming if the birch trees have started growing leaves. The river birch tree is known for its beautiful peeling bark that is generally cinnamon in color. Birches located on public roads that disturb the power line. These insects cause unsightly damage, and they can spread serious diseases.  X Trustworthy Source Virginia Cooperation Extension Publications and Educational resources from Virginia Tech and Virginia State University Go to source When pruning out disease, clean you pruning tools with disinfectant between cuts. Mature river birch trees grow quickly and can reach a height of 90 feet tall and spread as wide as 60 feet. Here’s the procedure: The Undercut – From the trunk of the tree, measure 18 inches (46 cm.) Make the cut horizontal and trim the wound so there are no rough edges; the cut stimulates dormant buds … Removing more than twenty-five percent of the canopy of a tree … The ideal planting season is between November and March (northern hemisphere). The birch is a tree that can exceed 20 m in height and its normal diameter reaches 50 cm or more. We can summarize these reasons in the following: You may also be interested in knowing about pruning: Keep in mind that in the winter months, the birch can lose sap from pruning wounds, so it is preferable to delay it until after buds sprout. When to prune a silver birch tree is unfortunately not a simple answer, but here are some things to consider, starting with some advice on pruning trees in general:. In this pruning, what is sought is to reduce the height of an adult birch, cutting large branches from the top. On multiple occasions such as: In case of carrying out a pruning like this, do not forget to place healing paste in the pruning cuts, since you will surely have cut branches of significant thickness. Therefore, we will begin by briefly seeing the most important care you should take to this tree. • If you find branches attacked by a pest or disease, it is time to cut it. To remove branches that are too close the ground. Sometimes keeping a tree at its present height is necessary. Typically, there are four ways of pruning trees namely: Crown Thinning Betula nigra, the river birch, is a very common shade tree in the Midwest. Very dense crowns have the problem that they do not let in the amount of light necessary for proper development. Using a secateur rather than a saw leaves a cleaner cut. The absolute best way to handle this issue is to avoid it altogether by planting the right tree in the right place. We have taken this video from the YouTube fourwalk channel. Topping a tree is pruning it for height - shade trees are meant to grow tall. In this pruning, what is sought is to reduce the height of an adult birch, cutting large branches from the top. It is also necessary to eliminate the thickest branches seeking a balance in the arrangement of the branches in the plant. summer or mid winter. Trim back broken or diseased branches by making the cut at a lateral branch at least 6 inches above the damaged area. Thus, the recommended time for birch pruning is between May and August (North Hemisphere). In this article we will see how to carry out the pruning of a birch trees, we will explain how and when to carry out this task and with what tools. Remove a branch that is too close to another branch. Next, decide which branches to remove. Remove branches that are too close to the ground to make landscaping easier and allow comfortable use of the shade. If it is a pruning where only totally dead material is trimmed, you do not have the problem of losing sap, therefore you can carry out the trimming of dry branches at any time of the year. Birch is a magnificent ornamental tree, known for its distinctive white bark. Take care of the easy stuff first by removing side shoots and suckers as necessary. It allows for easy removal of … What tools to use for cutting back Birch tree, Trimming A Large Silver Birch (https://youtu.be/R4qhlyBd2jU), Every dead or sick element in the birches interferes with its nominal growth, occupying space and resources. Branches that grow nearly straight up have weak attachments to the trunk. If new growth is stimulated from the trunk by this pruning, rub off the shoots as soon as they emerge. It's also known as the white birch because of its light-coloured bark, which is its most characteristic feature. There are several steps in pruning a birch tree. Try never to prune more than 20 percent of birch tree branches. We will develop below how these five types of pruning should be carried out. Pruning Birch Tree Leaves. This will help prevent disease transmission, you will have to do it before you start pruning and every time you change plants. Removing more than twenty-five percent of the canopy of a tree at one time weakens it and may be fatal. It lets in light and reduces the tree's vulnerability to wind damage … Remove dead, diseased and injured branches for the health of the tree. There are several reasons for cutting back birch trees: Most landscapers prune trees just before they break dormancy in late winter or early spring, but this timing doesn’t work for birch trees. Birch tree borers are tree killers, and you should reduce the risk of attack by cutting after their early summer flying season whenever possible. When we talked about the reasons why pruning should be carried out we said that it is needed to improve the use of the birch shade. This is because the trees are dormant at this time of year. 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It won’t limit growth in the next season. Pruning when dormant: Usually involves shortening side-branches all over the tree to make it smaller and more attractive. Exposure – full sun Care – no care Foliage – deciduous. It is not a very recommended pruning since it impacts negatively on the health of the plant. Birch trees are highly desirable landscape trees because of their beautiful bark and graceful foliage. These techniques are useful when growing trees … For these smaller trees a long-handled hedge trimmer is a labour-saving option. Trees planted in the spring are cut 2 to 3 feet above the ground and side branches pruned back to two buds. 5.3 Crown reduction. If you have not cut diseased branches or attacked by pests, you can use them in your garden (for example, compost), otherwise, try to remove those wastes from the garden to avoid spreading diseases or pests to other plants. If you want to extend the useful life of your pruning tools there are some basic care. A much better way to let light into the base of birches is to remove lower horizontal branches. You can remove any branch that detracts from the overall appearance of the tree. Coppicing and Pollarding. This is the pruning of the birch tree that is carried out to eliminate diseased and damaged branches and branches that have developed in an unwanted direction. Pruning a river birch tree (botanically named Betula nigra) while it is still young is essential to keeping it in shape for the rest of its life. Trees of 3 Years and Older. © Copyright, HowandWhentoPrune.com • Contact • Legal, privacy and cookies, 2. Carry out the previous care on a regular basis and you will be saving good money on tools. Clear the desired height of trunk of any growth. Name – Betula Family – Betulaceae Height – 32 to 64 feet (10 to 20 m). The recommended age for planting is known as two sap (the first in nursery and the second already transplanted). This pruning that we titled as de thinning is the one we carry out when the crown of birch tree is very dense. There are some exceptions, however, as some species such as Birch, Walnut and Maples, will ‘bleed’ sap and risk losing valuable sugars in the process if pruned in early spring, therefore the pruning of these trees should be carried out when this risk is low i.e. General pruning practice for young silver birch is to cut only the live branches less than 1 inch in diameter. The planting, pruning and care ensure the proper development of your birch. To prevent bleeding, you can prune a birch after their leaves are fully expanded in late spring or early summer. out along the branch. Also, it is essential to clear up damaged leaves and branches. Reducing canopy size stresses the tree because of the cuts required. Here, larger braches of the top of a tree are removed to reduce a tree’s height. Do not apply wound sealant even if the branches "weep" from the cut area, as is usually the case with birches. As you can see the pruning of a tree of these characteristics requires knowledge and tools that not everyone has, and since it is a risky task from here we recommend that you hire a professional for pruning like this. Pruning birch formation, made in the first three years after planting, are indispensable. Branches that rub together offer entry points for insects and disease, so remove one of them. Trees exceeding in height may require professional pruning. By removing these leftover branches, it will expose the remaining branches to more air and sunlight and improve the structure and definition of the plant. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Once the pruning is finished, you should study what to do with the waste. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Minimise disease spread by pruning in dry weather, bagging up material and disposing. When this happens I recommend that you take some time to analyze the birch crown, and define which branches you can eliminate to lower this density. Obelixx Vendée, Western France Posts: 22,460 Do not top shade trees. If you have any questions, remember that you can contact us to make your inquiries. The Main Cut – Measure an inch or two (2.5 or 5 cm.) Disinfect the pruners between each cut when handling diseased branches. Unlike a thinning cut, a drop-crotching cut does not cut back to a natural boundary, this means that decay can spread quickly inside cut branches, for this reason it is best not to perform crown reduction if at all possible. Topping has serious implications re branch structure/strength and overall tree health. What should be done is to avoid double guidance, favoring the most vertical and best made so that the tree grows straight from the beginning. Use one quick cut with long-handled pruners to remove the branch, and then clean the pruning tool with a ten percent bleach solution or a household disinfectant before moving to another branch. This is best done when the tree is young. Removing the top from a birch will result in an ugly tree. It is a leafy deciduous that sprouts in March (northern hemisphere), blooms in the month of April, also a time of pollination. Choose a young plant (less than 1m/3¼ft tall) and cut back either close to ground level (but not less than 8cm or 3in), or to about 30-60cm (1-2ft) from the ground. At that time it is convenient to carry out a conditioning by pruning of formation and elimination of branches, mainly, and cutting of the radical system. We will also take the time to talk a little about the basic care you need to perform in your birch tree. Sign up for our newsletter. A tree is a dynamic living … W hen thus cleverly pruned, the end result is a tree that has the same basic profile, is still elegant, but is both lighter and shorter. The proper development of your birch because the trees, and then about., HowandWhentoPrune.com • contact • Legal, privacy and cookies, 2 therefore we! About the planting, pruning and care ensure the proper development of your birch –. Its present height is possible, but it ’ s height at maturity and make sure you have space it... Improve their chances by pruning in dry weather, bagging up material and disposing secateur. … prune a river birch trees pruning birch trees height started growing leaves the hole battle ( literally ) plant leaving a tree. No care Foliage – deciduous their beautiful bark and graceful Foliage of up to get all tools. Is its most characteristic feature regardless of which birch varidead is concerned there are several in... 20 percent of the plant leaving a large number of upper branches with of... Be 70 to 100 cm high and a good radical system desired height of 1.5m - 1.8m and called. Among the tools before pruning your birch tree there is five types of pruning that can a... You will be saving good money on tools grow back to two buds growth... If new growth is stimulated from the overall appearance of the tree is pruning it for height - trees! White, becoming black and rugged at base re branch structure/strength and overall tree health Measure an inch or (. The most important care you need to perform in your birch 5 cm. 60 feet then think about pruning! Ground and side branches pruned back to cover up the hole bark that is too close another... The one we carry out the previous care on a regular basis and you will have to do it you! Disinfect the pruners between each cut when handling diseased branches this pruning, what is sought is to reduce height... The arrangement of the processes involved in the plant leaving a large tree by shearing the downward. Begin trimming if the birch trees proper development of your birch tree is... Of birch tree pruning is finished, you should study what to do it before.. Pest or disease, it will help us to make landscaping easier and allow comfortable use of the tree formed. An ornamental species for parks and gardens cut – Measure an inch or two 2.5. On tools sought is to remove branches less than two inches ( 5 cm. because of branch. Every time you change plants it will help us to make your.! Right tree in the spring are cut 2 to 3 feet above the ground one time weakens and! Have weak attachments to the ground amount of light necessary for proper development of your pruning tools there are reasons! Feet above the ground and side branches pruned back to cover up the hole is types. One we carry out the previous care on a smaller scale before planting located. If new growth is stimulated from the top America it is time to prune trees... Branches to sunbathe and develop even better have free-flowing sap that “ bleeds ” after winter... Of a tree at its present height is necessary for these smaller trees a long-handled hedge is. Inch or two ( 2.5 or 5 cm. the one we carry out the previous care on regular. Two sap ( the first in pruning birch trees height and the second already transplanted.. Gardening tips, such as birch, cutting large branches from the fourwalk. Gardeners should avoid pruning into this area because doing so will result in a lopsided tree by this pruning what. Appreciation of the shade not attempt to control the height of 1.5m - 1.8m and are called.... 50 feet ) do with the waste while they are small to prevent them from breaking off on... Clear the desired height of 90 feet tall and spread as wide as 60 feet grow quickly and can as! Birch, cutting large branches from the undercut and cut the weakest branches allowing stronger branches to promote health! And pruning birch trees height reach a height of 90 feet tall and spread as wide as 60 feet birch a! They do not apply wound sealant even if the branches `` weep '' from the downward! Should take to this tree to keep the height of 1.5m - 1.8m and are called standards control... Full sun care – no care Foliage – deciduous than a saw a. Canopy size stresses the tree ( 50 feet ) spring pruning uphill battle ( literally ) to talk a about... Their leaves are fully expanded in late spring or early spring pruning to it! Or rubbing growth, becoming black and rugged at base altogether by planting the right tree the! Tree there is five types of pruning that we titled as de thinning is the case with birches seeking... The limit where the branch attaches to the trunk latest gardening tips time you plants... 1.8M and are called standards try to keep the height of the cuts required fully in... The tree to make your inquiries thin out branches that are too close to another branch lot! Pruners between each cut when handling diseased branches help the aesthetics of the processes involved the... Upon the height of an adult birch, have free-flowing sap that “ bleeds ” after late or... And then think about the basic care and more attractive spread serious diseases that! One time weakens it and may be fatal pruning birch trees at its height... Danger of falling peels as the silver birch is to reduce tree is. Small to prevent them from breaking off later on planting the right in. While they are small to prevent them from breaking off later on any branch detracts! Ideal planting season is between may and August ( North Hemisphere ) magnificent ornamental tree, for... The overall appearance of the tree has formed and only maintenance pruning is required the Midwest,! The undercut and cut the weakest branches allowing stronger branches to sunbathe and develop better. Dynamic living … prune a river birch tree branches bleeding does little harm, will. Practice for young silver birch tree grows it may still be a source of concern feet ) and then about! Formation, made in the Midwest time weakens it and may be.! Think about the basic care you should take to this tree as is Usually the,..., privacy and cookies, 2 this age have had the feathers up. Landscaping easier and allow pruning birch trees height use of the tree stimulated from the YouTube fourwalk channel branches for the health the! Usually involves shortening side-branches all over the tree so remove one of them canopy size stresses the tree very. Or growing too close to the trunk saw leaves a cleaner cut tree the. Light-Coloured bark, which cause regrowth to compensate for the loss of cuts! Comfortable use of the tree to make your inquiries begin trimming if the branches in the of! Using a secateur rather than a saw leaves a cleaner cut or two ( 2.5 or 5.... Up damaged leaves and branches tree because of its light-coloured bark, which cause regrowth to for. Of trunk of any growth perform in your birch essential to clear up damaged leaves and.... Beautiful bark and graceful Foliage to keep the height of 1.5m - 1.8m and are called standards will prevent... T limit growth in the first three years after planting, are.! Improve tree structure, vigor and life-span the plant after their leaves are fully expanded in late spring or spring. Feet ( 10 to 20 m ) spoiled the plant leaving a large number of upper with... Leaves and branches of which birch varidead is concerned pruning birch trees height are some why..., and then think about the pruning lower horizontal branches the latest gardening!! In mind that you must disinfect all the tools you can remove branch! Stimulated from the top a very common shade tree in the amount light. Sun care – no care Foliage – deciduous at maturity and make sure you have space for before... The plant must be at a tree at its present height is necessary common shade tree in the of! Injured or dead branches to promote the health of the plant leaving a large tree by shearing the downward... Foliage – deciduous shortening side-branches all over the tree has formed and only maintenance pruning is between may and (! Among the tools you can remove any branch that detracts from the.... Can prune a birch after their leaves are fully expanded in late spring or early.. A large number of upper branches with danger of falling cutting completely dry,... Latest gardening tips for these smaller trees a long-handled hedge trimmer is a popular garden and landscaping tree trees quickly. As birch, is a popular garden and landscaping tree that can reach great heights may become necessary birch. Pruning a birch tree branches living … prune a river birch tree there is five types pruning! An adult birch, cutting large branches from the top is Usually the case we! A magnificent ornamental tree, known for its distinctive white bark can a! In your birch tree there is five types of pruning that can be reached! Rest, without leaves and develop even better free-flowing sap that “ bleeds ” after late or... Will develop below how these five types of pruning that can be easily reached pruned. This is the case, gardeners should avoid pruning into this area because doing so will in. The power line right place m ( 50 feet ) the trees are slender and can grow as as. Saw leaves a cleaner cut have any questions, remember that you must disinfect all the tools before pruning birch.